World Day of Social Justice is a day set aside by the General assembly of the UN purposely to tackle issues of inequality, poverty and all forms of social injustices across the world and the need for pragmatic measures to ensure a equality.

The theme for this year`s celebration is “If you want peace and development, work for social justice”

Social justice is a concept of fair and just relations between the individual and society. This is measured by the explicit and tacit terms for the distribution of wealth, opportunities for personal activity, and social privileges. Wikipedia

It thus seeks to tackle issues of poverty, unemployment, and unfair exclusion that results in economic harm and social ostracism in a society.

On World Day of Social Justice, there are various forms of campaigns to raise awareness of the need for better social justice both within and between nations.

The day is also aimed at the promotion of human rights, the removal of all forms of social barriers based on gender, race, ethnicity or religion, and standing up for the rights of migrants, the physically and mentally challenged, the weak and elderly in our societies across the world.

A statement on the UN website to mark the day state that, “Social justice is an underlying principle for peaceful and prosperous coexistence within and among nations. We uphold the principles of social justice when we promote gender equality or the rights of indigenous peoples and migrants. We advance social justice when we remove barriers that people face because of gender, age, race, ethnicity, religion, culture or disability.”

The statement further indicates that, “job creation, better quality jobs, and better access to jobs for the bottom 40 per cent have the potential to increase incomes and contribute to more cohesive and equitable societies and thus are important to prevent violent conflicts and to address post-conflict challenges”.

Observation of the very core concept of the World Day of Social Justice, indicates clearly that, without peace, there is no development, therefore it has become a matter of vital importance for governments of the world and especially governments across Africa to ensure that social justice for all citizens becomes the core of the continent to ensure the championing of development and a good life for its citizens.

This, if properly adhered to would help prevent violent conflicts as well as address post-conflict challenges borne out of social injustices.




Not long ago, I went to the now nick-named Titanic Beach at Sakumono, as usual to exercise and enjoy some relaxation.

But what welcomed me at the shore saddened me to the core, and I felt ashamed of myself and my society, realising that the situation has become this worse.

Although it is a painful fact that, once people become careless and reckless with the waste they produce, it leads to a seemingly uncontrollable sanitation challenge, not only within their immediate environs, but the effect can travel far than one can perceive, we still can act now, and we must all wake up and take action by ensuring that the fight against single-use plastic in our country is a priority.

That is if we indeed care for the very environment that survives us especially for the sake of our future generations.

From today, I encourage myself and you too to lend support to initiatives by @gripe_official and others to get rid of plastic waste from the system.

We must start from somewhere, let us act now.

#EndPlasticPollution #Ghana


For the past weeks Ghana has been shaken by incessant news of missing children across the length and breadth of Takoradi and other principal cities across the country.

Sadly, the most popular among these kidnappings happens to be that of the kidnappings of 3 young girls in Takoradi.

The police who were in charge of the case had suspected a criminal Nigerian ring as being behind these kidnappings. However, when one of the alleged kidnappers was arrested and put behind bars, some corrupt police officers on duty at that station enabled his escape.

This happening did not go down well with residents of Takoradi, who followed up with massive demonstrations against the abysmal interest displayed by the police in kidnappings in the municipality.

Until now, no positive news has come from these cause, all we continue hearing is the news of more disappearances of our young ones in the country, such a helpless state of affairs.

The sad reality is that, our people are so hospitable such that they have had no experiences of such disturbances and therefore are at a lost as to how to treat people of Nigerian origin and outsiders without being xenophobic.

But I would recommend that, we be circumspect in our utterances against Nigerians in Ghana, especially knowing that not all of them are bad people. Most Nigerians I know are exceptionally good, caring and very supportive to people in our communities.

What I think should be done immediately is to ensure that, the Nigerians in Takoradi community and its environs be provided with protection and importantly be subjected to intense background checks such that, whoever has any form of criminal records be deported. This is in their best interest to avoid the name tarnishing and the generalisation of Nigerians as bad people.

We must take note that, we are Africans, we are a people with a common destiny, we have only been segregated by the white Invaders. Indeed a Ghanaian is not better than a Nigerian, nor a Nigerian better than a Ghanaian. We must recognize that in every society, there are wayward people, that person or group of people could be a Ghanaian or a Nigerian.

As a matter of fact, each and everyone of us who reside in any community at any part of the globe owes its community a service; first to be patriotic and concerned about happenings around us by displaying extreme vigilance and concern.

Because once we become careless and unconcerned about our society, such grievances are bound to occur endlessly, which doesn’t benefit us in anyway.

The lifeless body of a young boy who was declared missing 3 days ago. The body was found this morning at Money Hill-Takoradi.

Indeed, “if we understand the complexities of these foreign invasions coupled with their evil mindset of kidnappings and murders, we would appreciate that it has become imperative on us all that; we tackle these security issues in our communities with an all hands on deck approach.

We should not for a minute leave everything to the police to deal with, they have been a disappointment when they freed that suspected criminal who was rounded up.

“Once bitten twice shy”, it is said, thus we must help the police by monitoring them, and policing them on our own, and on daily basis by reporting suspicious characters in our communities to them and reporting them to the Media.

We must guarantee our own security by showing concern to whatever goes on in our communities, if you see something, say something, my people”. —-@mdnuhu

#BringBackOurTaadiGirls #Missingpersons


For some years now, Diplomats, Traditional Rulers, Civil Society Organizations, Non-Governmental Organizations and other Senior Citizens have continued to trumpet the need to safeguard the Atewa Forest reserve which has been earmarked for Bauxite mining.

This call was given a fresh renewal on Friday, 22nd March, 2019 when Ghana joined the rest of the world in celebrating the World Water Day.

World Water Day is held annually on 22nd March. It is a day set aside by the United Nation to focus attention on the importance of tackling water crisis by addressing the reasons why so many people are being left behind -through advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.

The world water day also forms part of the Sustainable Development Goal 6 which projects water for all by 2030. The event was celebrated in Ghana under the theme ‘Leaving No One Behind’.

It is worthy to note that, decades past, Ghana faced little challenges with pollution of its water bodies to activities of illegal mining, often referred to as “Galamsey”. However, in recent times, the introduction of the Chinese in their uncountable numbers in the mining sector has revealed how ‘economical’ the local illegal miners have been in their illegal activities on our water bodies.

With the introduction of advanced equipment into the illegal mining business, the Chinese are capable of turning the bellies of our water bodies upside down and inside out while robbing it of all of its resources, and most painfully, they have ended up poisoning them with chemicals which are banned the world over, rendering Ghana’s most priceless water bodies useless for aquatic life and useless for human consumption.

The situation which almost out of hands, received a great deal of attention from the citizenry, championed by the media, government banned all mining activities in our water bodies. The government`s excuse was that, the activities of these miners has had an overwhelming toll on our water sources and it was time to save these highly important waters.

This move by government was welcomed by a large section of Ghanaians including the government of our neighbouring country, Cote Ivoire, which had complained squarely that the illegal activities had a toll on its water sources. It praised government for the timely intervention.

However, soon after the declaration of ban on illegal mining, the same government revealed that plans are far advanced to hand over one of Ghana’s most important Forest reserve, the Atewa Forest to the Chinese, to completely destroy it under a deal for the mining of bauxite deposits.

Now, this move by the government is seen by many as contradictory over claims of protecting water bodies on one hand and on another hand bent on destroying a highly important forest reserve. It is important to note that the significance of Ghana`s few remaining forests to our water bodies and our overall existence as a nation cannot in any way be over-emphasized.

  • “Why should a precious, unique and priceless site such as Atewa be destroyed; and who will account for the water and the endemic animals and plants, many of which were yet to be scientifically discovered and named?”
  • “Who will follow the removal of rocks which predate our current age, mark and study them to provide an account of their history?
  • “Who will supervise the removal and haulage of the excavated soil of the mountain and make sure that it is only bauxite deposits that are being removed but not diamonds and gold? Who will account for and who will authenticate the value of the excavated soils?”

These were some priceless questions by Professor Alfred Apau Oteng-Yeboah, a retired Professor (Department of Plant and Environmental Biology, University of Ghana, Legon) in a recent press conference held to draw the government`s attention on the need to safeguard our water bodies through the preservation of our forest reserves, importantly the Atewa Forest.

Like myself and many other concerned Ghanaians, Professor Alfred Apau Oteng-Yeboah has equally expressed concern about the fact that the Atewa Forest is a globally significant biodiversity area with multiple benefits and great potential for ecotourism which needs to be preserved and protected at all cost.

Indeed, it does not add up, when government at one hand is banning galamsey and at another instance is handing over the most important forest reserve in this country for mining.

Our country, not China, stand the risk of a long-term disadvantage if it proceeds to mine bauxite in the Atewa Forest, which suggests its total destruction form the surface of the earth.

I join the many desperate voices to appeal to government to take a take a critical look and rescind their decision, lest we will lose this all-important forest reserve, which is a critical piece of Nature`s gift to humanity.


On the 2nd of January 2019, it was widely reported by most media houses across the length and breadth of Ghana, that 8 Togolese soldiers had breached Ghana’s territorial boundaries in pursuit of a fleeing ‘dissident’.

Following up on the issue, a statement to the press by the Volta Regional Police Commander, DCOP Francis Doku, indicated that these soldiers had not followed necessary procedures to adhere to when the issue was beyond their territory in their attempt to arrest a fleeing Togolese national they considered a dissident and had sought asylum in the village of Aboako, a Ghanaian community in the Jasikan district of the Volta Region.

There is a right of asylum; however because Ghana is a lawful country if not a banana republic, 3 of these soldiers who were rounded up by the good people of that community, were freed by the Ghana police under the instructions of the District Chief Executive.

Ian Martin, the former Secretary General of Amnesty International, recently observed: “Government…..are more often motivated by self-interest than by considerations of humanity, and this provides a further reason for those seeking to combat human rights violations to insist upon the right of asylum.”

Under the 1951 convention on refugees to which Ghana is a signatory, a refugee is someone who:
1. has a well-founded fear of persecution on basis of his/her race, religion, nationality or membership in a particular group or political opinion and is outside his/her country of origin.

2. Persons fleeing war zones, persecution or persons from refugee producing countries do not necessarily require travel documents to enter Ghana. It is generally accepted if such persons enter either through an approved/unapproved route. If refugee/asylum seeker enters Ghana through an unapproved route, he/she must however proceed to the nearest immigration office for the necessary formalities after entry. (GIS)

With that established, our supreme constitution clearly recognizes the right of Ghana to grant an asylum to dissidents, yet this recent action on the side of authorities with regards to this particular matter forceful pursuit of a fleeing Togolese into Ghana, raises much concerns.

QUESTIONABLE ACTION: It is clear that due processes were overlooked on both sides, that of the Togolese and the Ghanaian authorities who took the decision at the local level to free these soldiers through mere conversations.

Knowledge on whether the dissident was captured and taken to Togo or not is somewhat not clear. But it is established that 8 soldiers entered that community, 3 were captured by the community folks who were vigilant and resisted the soldiers, whiles the rest bolted back to Togo.

The question on the minds of many is, did those 5 soldiers who managed to escape leave with the dissident they were in pursuit of?
What due process or what necessitated the District Chief Executive and the District Police Commander to release the 3 soldiers who were rounded up by the community folks? If the villagers had not been on their feet and vigilant, would our security agencies know of this illegal cross-border arrest?

One is forced to believe that there were some critical procedures in handling such diplomatic situations that both the DCE and the Police commander did not adhere to, or are completely ignorant about. Such that one may question, is it within their mandate to free arrested military officers who have defied Ghana’s sovereignty? Are they in the know of Ghana`s sacred duty not to return to a fleeing dissident until due processes are fulfilled? Are both sides aware of the duties of the Interpol?

In the light of this, it is important that to insist effectively upon the right of asylum, not only the asylum seeker but also the appropriate law enforcement agencies and all other agencies of government and non-government organisations must first ascertain its contours and understand the state of that right in international law today so that the citizenry would be properly educated on.

I’m only sad and concerned for our brothers and sisters in Togo who for centuries have painfully endured political oppression and human rights abuses, so due to recent uprisings and persecutions have run into Ghana to seek asylum. If this military personnel are this emboldened to enter Ghana aggressively through unapproved route to effect an arrest at the blink side of Ghana`s security agencies, then we can only call on our Ghanaian authorities to awake from their slumber and ensure that the territorial integrity of Ghana is protected, respected and asylum seekers granted their rights and protection as the constitution states.

It is equally important that, the authorities in Ghana continue to respect the rights of refugees under the United Nation`s and the African Union conventions. As well as protecting every fleeing Citizen of Togo in this critical period in the face of the uprisings in their country.


“The current state of the road leading to Ellembelle North”.

This was the text which complimented a video status update of the Hon. DCE of Ellembelle Hon. Bonzoh on WhatsApp.

The video which is 30seconds in length shows his entourage traveling in Toyota pickups and a V8 Land cruiser on an extremely abhorring road within the Ellembelle District.

You would agree that suburban vehicles are ideally designed to withstand bad roads.

Unfortunately the builders of such vehicles could not envisage that in our part of the world there would exist some so terrible roads that would prove too much of a work for their vehicles to ply.

Such was the sorry situation that the hon. District Chief Executive of Ellembelle had to endure. In the short video he posted, it was visible how his tough and seemingly new suburban vehicles were overwhelmed by the terrible nature of the roads in his own district as one could observe that one of the pickup truck got stuck in the mud and needed helping hands terribly.

Although it is unclear his motive for posting such video, it is clearly an indicative expression of helplessness, powerlessness, desperateness and an expression of disgust towards his government’s neglect to fix the sorry state of roads across the western region although it is the very region where Ghana get most of its food supplies and natural resources.

Nonetheless, few people I have shown this video to have equally been surprised as to why a DCE who has the mandate to ensure that roads in his district are fixed, is equally helpless in such situation instead of using the district’s resources at his perusal for the development activities that the region desperately needs.

The western region has the most disastrous roads in the entire country despite the heavy quantum of diverse mineral resources that the region produces.

Politicians come and go, despite beautiful pledges to reshape these roads, the situation has only gotten worse.

Prominent among these roads is the less than 5km road from Essiama to Nkroful, the birth place of Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah first prime minister of the republic of Ghana which has been neglected by previous administrations.

When will Ellembelle see the benefits of its Oil resource, its Cocoa, Timber, Gold, Rubber plantation, among other mineral resources that the state benefits from?

We can deduce the answer to this and many other questions from this singular WhatsApp post by our DCE, and it can only be “I don’t know”, as usual.

This stretch of road just like the Nkroful road, has been used by current and previous administrations for campaign pledges that should they win, it would be done within the shortest possible time of their tenure, as it stands it is a mere political promise.

May God continue to bless mother Ghana, if indeed we are being blessed at all.

My court of Opinion!


For decades, Mercury has been used in some pharmaceutical products and some medical devices due to its uniqueness.

Yet the least reckless exposure of mercury into the environment has severe health hazards on the environment.

Mercury is classified among the top 10 most hazardous chemicals by the World Health Organization.

Due to this, Ghana on the 16th of August 2017 appended signatory to the UNDP’s instituted MINAMATA CONVENTION ON MERCURY; a global treaty designed to protect human health and the environment.

The improper disposal of mercury- containing health equipment such as Thermometers, Sphygmomanometers, Hg-based blood pressure monitoring devices, Hg batteries, Lamps, dental Amalgam and lighting devices.

Have dire consequences on health personnel and particularly on the development of children, pregnant women, aquatic life and has the tendency of drastically polluting our water bodies.

The introduction of the Minamata Convention on Mercury is under the special assistance of the UNDP in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and the Ghana Health Service.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) which has the mandate for ensuring the implementation of recommended WHO/MIA strategies for the health sector, has completed an initial platform which would enable the government of Ghana to establish a sound foundation to undertake future works for successful implementations of the programme.

It is the mandate of the Ministry of Health, Ghana Health service and its health partners to ensure that mercury is successfully phased out from the Health sector in Ghana after the successful implementation of the Minamata Convention by the year 2025.


Poem Eulogizing A GIANT: Professor ATUKWEI OKAI.


A mighty storm has uprooted a giant baobab tree from our land.

Indeed a mighty storm has touched a giant tree which gave us shadows to rest, when the sun shined merciless!

The giant who renewed for us the art of poetry to perfection.

The giant whose mission has stirred up our creativity, intellectuality, ability and agility to reasoning, writing and speaking to the soul of mankind.

The giant literary literate, the professor.

The giant Pan-Africanist, the giant writer, the Giant!

The giant Holder of the Order of the Volta, the giant fearless commentator, the GIANT.

Professor ATUKWEI OKAI. You have journeyed, a journey which has earned you a post as an ancestor.

It is an inevitable journey.

There you will comment no more, there you will shine like a star, dear ancestor!

Rest In Power prof.

Professor ATUKWEI OKAI passed on in Accra on 13th July, 2018 at the age of 77.


A 22-year-old Muslim man from Mali by name Mamoudou Gassama has become the latest Hero in France.

He has been living in France as an illegal immigrant for many months now, but as fate would have it, he is being decorated as the bravest hero in recent times after he single handedly scaled a high rise building in Paris to Save a 2years old child who was loosely hanging from a balcony.

Though there were many people who were witness to the scene, they chose to be spectators. Mr. Mamoudou who could equally have looked on and waited for the fire service to arrive, took a different turn within the shortest possible time to save the life of the innocent child.

Mr. Mamoudou Gassama heroically scaled the high rise building to the 4th floor where he dragged the hanging 2years old boy to safety before the fire service could arrive.

The president of France Emmanuel Macron has honoured him for his bravery including granting him a job opportunity in the Fire service and a France citizenship.

His heroic act has earned him the title, “Paris Spider man” on the various social media platforms.

France 24 interviewed the latest Muslim hero of our time.

Watch the interview here.


As part of its core mandate to equip and enlighten students, the general public, Civil society groups, and Non-governmental organizations on the practices of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E), the Ghana Monitoring and Evaluation (GMEF) body in partnership with UNICEF Ghana yesterday held its maiden inter-university competition.

The competition which took place at the Conference Room of the vice Chancellors` Hall (UPSA) had four Universities compete for the top place.

Representatives from the University of Ghana-School of Public Health (Accra) carried the day, followed by the Christian Service University College (Kumasi) and BlueCrest University College (Kokomlemle) respectively .

Dr. Stephen Ntow, the special moderator of the competition, especially praised  the in-depth knowledge of the competitors and their impressive performance and encouraged participants to put into good use the M&E practices in their academic and project career.

IMG_20180414_114539 (1)

Dr. Stephen Ntow (International Consultant) and the competing students.

While addressing the audience, Coordinator of GMEF, Mrs. Dede Bedu stressed that, to strengthen any project and achieving efficiency in program delivery, it is always necessary to adhere to an efficient and effective use of M&E practices.

This she said has always been their core campaign as they celebrate GMEF`s 10years anniversary of promoting good project practices in Ghana.

IMG_20180414_122347 (1)

The winners were presented with awards and Citation for their Institutions.


—Sultan Nuhu Mohammed


First of all my firm salute goes to all those courageous Ghanaian men and women, some partisan and others none, who are on the streets of Accra and beyond demonstrating against what we regard as “Ghana’s automatic surrender of its sovereignty and integrity” to the USA government and its Military in a dubious partnership deal.

This deal which has brought a great deal of dissatisfaction among Ghanaians and their leaders is in fact disgraceful to an Independent Republic of Ghana and its roles in the fight to liberate Africa of colonialism, neocolonialism and the agenda of the imperialists.

The current NPP regime under his Excellency Nana Akufo Addo must rethink over this surrender of our security sovereignty lest we become mockery in the face of our African neighbours and the world at large.

It is important to note that we have a great deal of trust for a man like President Nana Akufo Addo, because his credibility so far is intact, unlike some recent past leaders who have betrayed Ghana to satisfy their ego, this recent pact with the USA and the stubbornness of our political leaders to heed to our call has pushed us to a corner where it is increasingly becoming very difficult to trust the people we vote into power.

We remember how this current regime desperately begged on its knees for our votes so that they could also serve us to make our motherland a good place to live in. But it seems they say one thing and do the opposite when they are given the nod to lead.

In a firm voice, Ghanaians say this deal must not be allowed to take effect because it doesn’t make sense and it’s such a shame Pan-Africans.

No sane Pan-African will be in support of this which is why I fully support those demonstrating against this government’s recklessness and negligence.

Clearly this hoodwink deal further urshers us into the grip of recolonialisation which undermines the integrity and sovereignty of the Republic of Ghana and we must all wake up agains this.

It is the hope of all Africans that this regime will listen to its people and place a halt to this deal, and will realise that the solutions to an independent Africa continues with a reasonably fair deal, as we all rally solidly behind “a good deal or no deal” in an effort to promote respect for Africa and an independent Africa for Africans.


My Conscience as an African speaks”
–Sultan Nuhu Mohammed

My Ignorant Pastors! Shut Up or Wake Up.

Credit: AP

I am certain that you have equally wondered and pondered on why the silence of the larger global community as they stay glued to yet unconcerned on happenings of illegal arrestings and expelling of Africans in Israel who justifably refused to accept bribes to be deported to Rwanda for no rational reason.

It is even more hard to bear that the African Union and its member states are completely tight lipped over the regime`s barbaric abuse and forceful deportation of African asylum seekers in what is a globally unprecedented modern day state sponsored racist operation targeting blacks.

Their shameful actions is evidence of bare racism and a complete disregard for human life as well as the lives of blacks, Muslims and Christians living in that part of the world is concerned.

A similar fate which is continously meted out to the indegenous Palestinians whose lands have been forcibly occupied by these invading Israeli government with impunity as the global powers cowardly and hypocrtitically looks on.

But my pain also lies in the fact that, with all of these ongoing evil against Blacks and people of the non Jewish faith, we have some Ghanaian Chritians leaders organizing press conferences to warn people who dare speak against this same Israeli regime which has vowed never to respect the dignity of Africans and Palestinians altogether.

Instead of speaking against the racist brutalities against our people who are in dire need of our support, here goes our birdbrain Pastors, fully supporting and sharing in the crimes of a racist and bully regime despite a decorous condemnation by Israeli Christians and Muslim leaders including other Israeli Human Rights agencies against these uncivilized racism.

Infact there are times when you feel the presence of certain class of people in this world alone will never gurantee a harmonious society ever, at least with their existence and what they stand for.

And indeed there are times when you are guided by the hope that, it is only the right education that can dispel the age long depths of ignorance held on by our people, atleast this alone also gives us hope that someday our pastors and other religious leaders who have taken it upon themselves to remain ignorant in support of crimes elsewhere will see the light of  and need to promote and champion peace and not taking sides even the evil they are supporting is in plain light. Until them, dear ignorant pastors, its either you shut up, or you wake up for a just cause!

Blind religious bigotry must end!


From time to time, the bigotry exhibited by some of Ghana`s  extremist politicians amazes us to the core. But be rest assured that they will always face backlash from people like us, we are a thinking and reasonable people, we are capable of reading between the lines, make no mistake, which is why we choose to jaw-jaw than to war-war.
Abronye DC of the New Patriotic Party and his likes should be cautioned to exercise maturity when speaking on public issues. At his age, we expect that he should at least be able to express himself in a proper manner devoid of sensationalism and overly exaggerations.
Because, to intentionally and falsely label the whole Brong Ahafo Chief Imam Alhaji Umar Abdul Kadir in an alleged corruption scandal which he has absolutely no knowledge of is not just evil but an Insult to the entire Muslim community that he leads.
A corrupt allegation involving the former District Chief Executive over his expenditure during his tenure in office has nothing at all to do with this innocent Chief Imam , and this is an established fact which cannot be gainsayed.

Yet, for a polictical communicator whose party just resumed office to play this mischief is beyond reason, if not to intentionally disrespect the Muslims of that region through misinforming the masses is defarmation of character, a hate crime on its own.
It is in the right other for the Muslims in the region to demand the reasons behind these lies and for that loose of a talker to provide his evidences if any against the Chief Imam of the region or be severely sanctioned, a challenge he has since been unable to provide.

These calculated attempts by these extemist politicians who only survivce on playing mischief to the pleasantry of  their political heads will only tear us apart. Which is why to prevent these, appropriate and severe sanctions should be meted out to those who are seen to be sowing seeds of division among the good people of our society.

The leadership of the New Patriotic Party should note that, to allow the likes of Abronye to loosely speak on their behalf is to ferment trouble and the consequences awaits.


The three Zongo Communities under the leadership of Sarikin Alhaji Abdulai Awudu I yesterday celebrated the Damba festival for the year 2017.

This year`s celebration coincided with the 3years anniversary since the Zongo Chief was crowned to the throne. There were invited guests of high status in Ghana from across the many regions of the country, some coming from as far as the Northern region to join in this year`s celebration.